Assembly Committee of Local Government

The Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000 (Act) establishes procedures for local government changes of organization, including city incorporations, annexations to a city or special district, and city and special district consolidations.

Local agency formation commissions (LAFCos) have numerous powers under the Act, but those of primary concern are the power to act on local agency boundary changes and to adopt spheres of influence for local agencies. Among the purposes of LAFCos are the discouragement of urban sprawl and the encouragement of the orderly formation and development of local agencies.

Guide to CKH Act - Dec2017.pdf

The Senate Governance and Finance Committee's publication:
     This is the 3rd edition, December 2013, formerly known as "It's Time to Draw the Line".  

50 Years of LAFCos - A Guide to LAFCos-Dec2013

The State Senate Local Government Committee's Report:

What's So Special About Special Districts-4thEd Oct2010

Peter Detwiler:

CA Within Limits-Research Notes on Local Boundary Laws-Dec2013

CA Special District Association:

Special District Formation Guide-2016.PDF

CA Water Foundation:

Know Your Options-A Guide to Forming Groundwater Sustainability Agencies-Sep2015

Little Hoover Commission:

Special Districts: Improving Oversight & Transparency-Aug2017

CALAFCO White Papers:

State of the Art on Ag Preservation Feb2018.pdfThe Good, the Bad and the Confusing-Protest Requirements Oct2009.pdfMetamorphosis of Special Districts-Updated Feb2015.pdfCreating Sustainable Communities & Landscapes-Oct2013.pdf